This Shivaji’s Army was created for the Maharashtrians by the political cartoonist Bal Thackeray, on 19 June 1966, in Mumbai. The members of this political party are called Shiv Sainiks, and their hold over Maharashtra is unprecedented. The political party is feared for their violent methods of protesting, and they are suspected to have been involved in the 1992-93 Mumbai riots. Shiv Sena allied with BJP to become a part of NDA in the 1990s, an alliance that now seems to be on shaky grounds. Raj Thackeray, Bal Thackeray’s nephew, broke away from the Shiv Sena in 2005, to form his own party called the Maharashtra Navirman Sena (MNS), which is also based on the Hindutva ideology. After the death of Bal Thackeray (the pramukh) on November 17, 2012, his son, Uddhav Thackeray has held the reigns of the party.